Understanding Gingival Enlargement and Why You May Need It
Posted on 5/24/2021 by Arletta, Office Manager
Gingival enlargement refers to the excessive growth of gums. Also referred to as hypertrophy or hyperplasia, gingival enlargement can be very dangerous if left untreated. To understand the effects of gingival enlargement, you need to know some of its causes.
Medication-Induced Gingival Enlargement
Certain medications can lead to the development of gingival enlargement. When these medications are taken, gum tissues become pale pink in color. However, they don't bleed easily. In severe cases of medication-induced gingival enlargement, the gingiva completely covers the crowns of your teeth, causing gum disease. Gum disease is more likely to develop since you can't keep your teeth clean. Besides, you might also experience challenges with alignment and tooth eruption. This condition may resolve either completely or partially when the medication is discontinued.
Inflammatory Gingival Enlargement
This type of gingival enlargement occurs when plaque accumulates on your teeth. In most cases, inflammatory gingival enlargement is caused by poor oral hygiene. The gums affected by this condition are mostly red, soft, tender, and bleed easily. You can get rid of this condition through effective oral hygiene practices like flossing and tooth brushing. This will remove the plaque and irritants present on your teeth.
Hereditary Gingival Enlargement
This is a very rare type of gingival enlargement that develops during childhood. However, some cases of hereditary gingival enlargement may not be noticed until adulthood. If you have this condition, you will have slow-growing, pale pink, and non-tender gums. The best way to get rid of this condition is through the surgical removal of excess gingival. The surgical procedure avoids impaction and displacement of your teeth, putting them in a better condition. Given the recurrent nature of this condition, you might need repeated surgical removals of gingival. Visit our offices for more information on gingival enlargement and the need to get it treated.
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